Research and analyse

In the research itself, the focus is on data collection and the first analyses.

In the active phase of the research, it is important to focus on how to structure the collected data; it can not be done afterwards. A clear and consistent structure facilitates work throughout the project and especially in connection with publishing, archiving and reuse.

Collection of data and primary material must be organized and planned. Your data management plan forms the basis for data collection, as it contains a detailed description of how you will collect, structure and analyse data.

The collection of data and primary material must be consistent and systematic, so that subsequent analyzes are not affected by the collection method.


  • protocols / laboratory notebooks / journals, if any Electronic Lab Notebooks (ELNs)
  • standards - defined and followed
  • formats - defined and followed

Data is collected close to the source and preferably digitally from the start or digitized as soon as possible after the experiment has been completed.

Always save a copy of your original raw data, with backup, thus you can go back and start analyses and calculations again, should something go wrong.



Data Life Cycle

Electronic Lab Notebook - ELN

ELN is software that basically has an interface as a page in a paper lab book. In the electronic book you can enter protocols, observations, notes, pictures, drawings, links to other protocols, etc. Some of the commercial applications include a Laboratory Information Management System (LIMS), where you can link your experiments to archived data, to other samples and equipment.

ELN-software, examples: